Biology News
Nanoplastics Cause Genetic, Physiological Damage in Mussels - Laboratory Equipment


Laboratory Equipment
A research team from the Universitat Autonoma De Barcelona Department of Cell Biology, Physiology and Immunology, the University of Aveiro and the Centro Interdisciplinar de Investigação Marinha e Ambiental, observed how some of these nanoplastics, ...

New Human Evolution Theory: We Won Not Because of Smarts but Because of Versatility - Haaretz


Haaretz
The evidence for any theory of human evolution is scanty in the extreme. The Denisovans are known from a handful of peripheral bones, we don't know completely where Neanderthals really ranged or when (or why) they died out – and the less confidently ...

Meet the Woman Making Ants the Next Big Thing in Biology - National Geographic


National Geographic
... their social interactions, and their evolutionary success. More broadly, Moreau's work might indirectly help us develop tools to answer bigger biological questions: how to control pests, how to promote helpful species, how to improve digestion and ...

Human Biomechanics and Control Laboratory (HBCL)

Ann Arbor, Michigan - United States

The Human Biomechanics and Control Laboratory (HBCL) studies the mechanics, energetics, and control of human movement. The laboratory is headed by Prof. Art Kuo of the Departments of Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, and its personnel consist of graduate and undergraduate students from these departments.

Mechanics refers to the importance of the dynamics of the human body in nearly all movements. Inertia of the limbs and other body segments places constraints on what movements are possible, and how much effort is needed to produce them. Muscles have mechanical properties such as elasticity that also constrain or determine movements. Laboratory techniques for studying mechanics includes analytical models, computational simulations, and recordings of kinematics and forces produced during movements.

Energetics refers to the metabolic or chemical energy expended by humans to produce movement. Minimization of energy expenditure is an important factor in most movements. It may be estimated through measurements of oxygen consumption. The HBCL incorporates models and/or measurements of energetics in many studies.

Control refers to the central nervous system's influence through feedback and feedforward commands to the muscles. The HBCL applies methods of control systems design and analysis to the study of human movement.

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