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wisegeek: Plastination Definition

Sparks, Nevada - United States

Plastination is a scientific process used to preserve the anatomy of a human or animal. In plastination, the water and fat within the body are replaced by plastic, which makes the corpse virtually incapable of decaying. It is a way to maintain and preserve the shape and appearance of the body and the internal organs, which can be very valuable for medical students, among others.

In the plastination process, the body is first embalmed in formaldehyde, then placed in a freezing solution, acetone, which replaces the water in the cells. The body is then submerged in a pool of liquid polymer, such as silicon rubber or polyester. The acetone within the body begins to boil and evaporate, and is replaced by the plastic solution. The plastic can then be cured by UV light, gas, or heat, which will harden the body into a fixed shape.

The plastination technique was developed by Dr. Gunther von Hagens in 1978, who obtained three separate patents for his work with plastination. Initially, plastination was primarily used in medical laboratories and galleries, so that students would have excellent visual examples of the human body's anatomy. However, in 1993, von Hagens formed the Institution of Plastination in Heidelberg, Germany. With the institute, he held a public showing in Japan of bodies that had undergone plastination. More than three million people attended the event.

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Dendrology is a subfield of botany which focuses on the study of woody plants. Many people often take the term dendrology to refer specifically to the study of trees, although it can encompass shrubs and woody vines as well. There are a number of applications for dendrology, with dendrologists working in environments which vary from lumber companies to environmental organizations. Training in this field is offered at a number of colleges and univ

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Defines the term and explains the theory. From memes.org, a blog and forum devoted to memes, memetics, emergence theory and conspiracy.

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Consulting company focused on resource discovery and resource management in the science community. Services offered include knock-out mouse high throughput system development.

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Plastination and anatomical preparation, plastinated anatomy specimens, trial plastinates, scientific preparation, anatomy art, vhorst photographs, custom made specimens, projects and consulting about plastination, biological tissue, etc.

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Provides information on the preservation process, the Body Worlds (K?rperwelten) exhibit of artistically plastinated human bodies, and quotes from body donors.

Plastination in Teaching
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Information, methodology, and photos from the Institut de Biologie Cellulaire et de Morphologie (Institute of Cell Biology and Morphology) in Lausanne.

Journal of Plastination
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The International Society for Plastination was founded in 1986 during the Third International Conference on Plastination held in San Antonio, Texas, U.S.A. by Harmon Bickley , Ph.D. who served as the Executive Director from 1986-1995. The International Society for Plastination is a multidisciplinary organization, including people within all fields of science interested in the technique of Plastination. Plastination refers to the use of polyme

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A description of the process and its advantages.

Arizona Plastination Arts
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Recognizing a need for plastinated specimens in educational curriculum, and taking into account just how few plastination laboratories there are in North America, Arizona Plastination Arts has emerged from a small, University laboratory with extremely limited resources, to Arizona's premier - and sole plastination lab thus filling this void. Recognizing the public interest in plastination, Arizona Plastination Arts has developed an anatomic

Plastination of Anatomical Materials
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Plastination is a process of preserving organic material. Water and fat in tissue are replaced with silicone in a process which, for most specimens, takes about one month. Preserved tissue is first dissected and then dehydrated with acetone. It is immersed in a silicone bath under vacuum until the replacement of acetone is completed. After plastination, the resulting tissue is safe to handle (i.e., toxic fixatives are eliminated), the tissue has